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A corneal abrasion is a scratch that occurs on the cornea, the clear layer of the eye that’s located over the iris and the pupil. Your cornea protects your eye, and it also refracts or bends light as it enters the eye. A tiny scratch here can have an effect on your vision, but even more importantly, it can increase the risk of developing a serious eye infection that can wind up damaging your eye and causing permanent vision loss. Having corneal abrasions treated by an ophthalmologist is critical for preventing these problems.
Corneal abrasions can be caused by lots of factors, including:
Sometimes, a corneal abrasion can be caused by an underlying eye infection that attacks the cornea. People with dry eyes or other conditions that affect tear production are at increased risk for corneal abrasions since their eyes are not capable of naturally “washing away” very tiny irritants with tears.
Corneal abrasions tend to cause significant pain and discomfort in the eye, including the sensation that something is stuck in the eye or poking the eye, even after a foreign matter has been removed. In addition to physical discomfort, a corneal abrasion can cause vision problems like blurry vision and increased sensitivity to light. Many people with corneal abrasions have excessive tearing and eye redness as well.
First, Dr. Cooper will examine your eye to look for signs of scratching. In most cases, that involves the use of a special dye that’s placed in the eye. The dye highlights scratches and other imperfection in the corneal surface. Drops don’t hurt, nor do they obstruct your vision. When a corneal abrasion is detected, you may be given antibiotics to prevent infection along with special eye drops to reduce discomfort and inflammation. Dr. Cooper also may place a patch over the eye to protect it while it heals. You won’t be able to wear contact lenses while your cornea heals. In most cases, abrasions heal within a few days.
As a leading provider of eye health care and vision services for patients of all ages, Dr. Kim Cooper offers comprehensive corneal abrasion treatment in Burlingame for adults and kids. If you have pain, scratchiness or other uncomfortable sensations in your eyes, do not delay treatment. Postponing care could result in an infection and permanent vision loss.
Instead, contact Dr. Cooper Pediatric Ophthalmology & Family Eye Care at 650-259-0300 and schedule an appointment right away.