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What is an ophthalmologist?

An ophthalmologist is either a medical doctor (M.D.) or an osteopathic physician (D.O.) who specializes in comprehensive eye care and provides examinations, diagnosis, and treatment for a variety of eye disorders. Ophthalmologists are skilled in all facets of eye care, from prescribing eyeglasses or contact lenses to performing intricate eye surgery. Many also choose to specialize in one particular disease or portion of the eye (i.e., pediatric ophthalmologist or glaucoma specialist).  

What is an optometrist?

An optometrist is a doctor of optometry (O.D.), but not a medical doctor. Optometrists can examine, diagnose, and manage many visual problems and eye diseases, and are specially trained to test vision in order to prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses. However, they do not perform eye surgeries.  

What is an optician?

An optician is a technician who fits, adjusts, and fills the prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses.  

What is an ocularist?

An ocularist is a technician who makes ophthalmic prostheses, such as glass or artificial eyes.  


The content of this Web site is for informational purposes only.  If you suspect that you or your child has an ocular problem, please consult your pediatrician, family practitioner, or ophthalmologist to decide if a referral to a pediatric ophthalmologist is required.